Year: 2021 | Month: December | Volume 12 | Issue 3
Expansion and Disparities in Higher Education in India:
The Neo-Liberal Impact
In this era of technological advancement higher education has a very important role to play. Higher education in India is going through an important transition. After the adoption of new economic policy in 1991 there are many changes happen in the political and economic set up of the country which has its impact on the education sector also. This post reform period has put the state back and pushes the private sector in the field of education especially in the higher education. There is huge expansion of higher education institutions since last two decades which are mainly due to private institutions and deals with the professional and technical education. The high cost of education in these private educational institutions is a major concern to the access and equity in higher education. This leads to many disparities like regional disparities, gender disparities and inter-state disparities to access higher education. This paper is based on the secondary data collected from the All India Survey of Higher Education Report. The first part of the paper deals with the expansion of higher education in terms of institutions and enrollment which highlights how the privatization and commercialization have lead to the expansion of higher education institutions. The second part of the paper deals with the impact of privatization on higher education which highlights how this huge expansion leads to exclusion due to high cost of education and also discuss the threats of privatization in higher education in terms of various disparities related with region, gender etc.
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