Harmful practices across the culture are not a new phenomenon. It has its roots in centuries ago. Many initiatives have been taken across the world to protect children/ girls from these malpractices. UN General Assembly 1954 reflected on laws and practices related to family and Marriage. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. While taking into consideration the health of the women, traditional practices that affected their health was discussed in the commission on human rights 1984. This UN convention on child rights affirms the full development of the personality of the child and asserts to have a healthy family environment, an atmosphere of happiness and protection of children from all forms of violence across the world. The aim of this conceptual endeavour is to reflect on harmful practices practised across cultures, especially in Asian and African countries with respect to violation of child rights. Data has been gathered from various governmental and nongovernmental reports, research papers, articles and surveys. The analysis in the study is done on the basis of secondary sources of the data. Data with respect to harmful traditional practices across cultures and violation of child rights is presented from secondary sources. It has been found that many traditional harmful practices such as Corporal punishment, grotesque practice, branding of the child, Acid attack, binding of newborns and infants, bloodletting, Breast Ironing, and genital mutilation. Bleeding and cupping, male circumcision, milk tooth extraction, tattooing. Cauterization, cupping and scarification, Use of the cradle, Early and forced marriages, and Dowry and bride prizes are prevalent.