To respect the intellectual property rights of others and uphold the standards for academic publishing, EQ is adopting a zero tolerance policy towards papers associated with publication misconduct. Publication misconduct includes plagiarism, fabrication, falsification, inappropriate authorship, duplicate submission/multiple submissions, overlapping publication, and salami publication. According to the definition of publication misconduct by the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) (http://check.cnki.net/Article/rule/2012/12/542.html), we have developed EQ definitions, policies and Grammarly standards for publication misconduct, which are as follows:
1.) Plagiarism: Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person's thoughts, ideas, data, figures, research methods, or words without giving appropriate credit, or the over-citation of another person's published work.
2.) Fabrication: Fabrication is the practice of making up data or results without having performed relevant research.
3.) Falsification: Falsification is the practice of changing data or results intentionally such that misleading conclusion is drawn.
4.) Inappropriate authorship: Authorship is not appropriately assigned based on the author's contributions.
5.) Duplicate submission/multiple submissions: Duplicate submission/multiple submissions refers to practice of submitting the same manuscript or several manuscripts with minor differences (e.g., differences only in title, keywords, abstract, author order, author affiliations, or a small amount of text) to two or more journals at the same time, or submitting to another journal within an agreed or stipulated period.
6.) Overlapping publication: Overlapping publication refers to the practice of publishing a paper overlaps substantially with one already published.
7.) Salami publication: Salami publication refers to the practice of slicing data from a large study,could have been reported in a single paper, into different pieces and publishing them in two or more articles, all of which cover the same population, methods, and question.
8.) Inappropriate authorship: Authorship is not appropriately assigned based on the author's contributions.